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atene KOM
Julia Külß

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Chapter 02 – Approach of Energy Planning

In this chapter tools for local energy planning are introduced. You can find templates and guiding instructions developed by the project partnership

• for defining a local baseline on energy needs and supply,
• for setting up a local or regional energy strategy and
• for the creation of a local or regional energy action plan, which can be found as download documents.

Further on the application of these tools in nine participating regions and locations is documented in form of base line studies, energy strategies and action plans. All documents are available as download files.

As a basis for the Public Energy Alternatives project all participating regions have carried out Baseline Papers with basic facts about the region and the regional energy situation. This included general information on the region (location, economic development, demographic development, size, geographic background ...) and some general information on energy issues such as development of production capacity, consumption, and sources for energy production. Each regional partner had to collect the relevant data (preferably in form of a SWOT analysis to identify strong and weak points of the region and its potential for future development and identification of planning potentials) and provide it in the predefined form. Each region which had as goal the development of a regional energy strategy had to prepare a paper on the status quo of the region first.

It is not enough to say that energy should be saved and new forms of energy productions must be considered – the question is: to which extend and how is it feasible for the regions? What can they do to establish themselves as Energy Regions, to create new profiles and to get fit for competition in social, political and economic contexts?

As an answer on these questions a template has been defined and developed. You can download the document here:

Baseline Studies

Examples for the application of the template on different project regions are available for download by using the following links:

Baseline Study 1 Prignitz
Baseline Study 2 Niepolomice
Baseline Study 3 Ignalina NPP Area
Baseline Study 4 Kraslava
Baseline Study 5 Voru
Baseline Study 6 Rouge
Baseline Study 7 Mustvee
Due to political changes within the municipality of Mustvee the baseline study was not finalised. We kindly ask to excuse this fragmentariness.
Baseline Study 8 Lahti
Baseline Study 9 Ylivieska

Baseline papers are the prerequisite for developing the Regional Energy Strategies. Energy efficiency and the use of alternative energy sources are not only a technical problem but also a strategic one. The elaboration of Regional Energy Strategies is the 2nd step to develop a local or regional approach for energy policy. The aim is to bundle all energy related activities and stakeholders of a region in order to find efficient ways for regional development in the context of energy efficiency and renewable energy. The regional energy strategies should serve as parts of the overall regional development strategies. These regional development strategies anyhow have not been part of the PEA project but are essential for a sustainable development of the regions. Energy Strategies can serve as amendments or further diversification of other activities on regional or local development. Energy Strategies are intended to be a good starting point to initiate further regional development in a structured way and with a holistic approach. In the context of the PEA-project a strong profile on energy issues has been seen as leading principle for regional or local development.

Main pillars of such strategy are reduced energy consumption, CO2 reduction and higher added value based on regional resources. Reasonable and feasible goals on reducing energy consumption should be defined in order to meet the target of national and European energy strategies. The Energy Strategies need to be elaborated on regional or local level. This causes a broad involvement of public and private experts and stakeholders. All actors involved in producing the strategy and all potential levels and organisations for implementing the strategies therefore must be involved in an early stage of the project.

Definition of target and actor groups should be undertaken during elaborating the baseline papers and come into action at the latest when starting work on the Regional Energy Strategies. Thus stable regional networks can be developed. This will only be possible through a constant and transparent communication work – all activities and plan need to be discussed not only in expert rounds but should be made known to a broader public of interest. Participation processes need to be moderated in order to not only integrate everyone concerned but also to make use of the information and input that come from outside the respective regional core group that works on the strategy.

You can download the Regional Energy Strategies English summary template document here:
Energy Strategies

Examples for the application of the template on different project regions are available for download by using the following links:

Energy Strategy 1 Prignitz
Energy Strategy 2 Niepolomice
Energy Strategy 3 Ignalina NPP Area
Energy Strategy 4 Kraslava
Energy Strategy 5 Voru
Energy Strategy 6 Rouge
Energy Strategy 7 Mustvee
Energy Strategy 8 Lahti
Energy Strategy 9 Ylivieska

In order to ensure sustainability and durability of the regional energy strategies it is important to work out action plans for their implementation. This will include the elaboration of concrete work and action plans, the definition of actors and partners for regional implementation processes, setting the time frame for different actions and identifying and defining the financial conditions (investments/rewards). One of the main aspects for implementing the regional energy strategy is checking out possibilities for creating Energy Regions. To achieve this, contacts to already existing energy regions and energy cities are very useful. Energy Regions that are willing to cooperate and that fit to the own regions shape should be asked and invited to share their knowledge.

An important part of the action plans is the activation of relevant public and political actors. For a successful development the awareness and acceptance of political decision makers, stakeholders and inhabitants needs to be ensured. One means for this are the energy conferences. Actors need to be involved in decision making processes and need to be enabled to bring in their own ideas and express their resentments.

You can download the Regional Energy Action Plan template here:
Action Planning

Examples for the application of the template on different project regions are available for download by using the following links:

Action Plan 1 Prignitz
Action Plan 2 Niepolomice
Action Plan 3 Ignalina NPP Area
Action Plan 4 Kraslava
Action Plan 5 Voru
Action Plan 6 Rouge
Action Plan 7 Lathi
Action Plan 8 Ylivieska